Я собираю пакеты для Debian и RHEL. И зачастую, мне необходимо посмотреть содержимое собранного пакета, чтобы удостоверится в правильности сборки и корректности расположения файлов внутри пакета. В этой статье кратно расскажу, как и при помощи чего можно посмотреть собранные пакеты.
.deb архивируется при помощи ar. Соответственно, распаковать пакет тоже следует через данный архиватор:
ar x example.deb
debian-binary– файл, содержащий версию формата
control.tar.xz– файл, содержащий md5sums и директорию для сборки пакета.
data.tar.xz– архив, содержащий все файлы, которые должны быть установлены в системе при установке пакета.
.rpm содержит архив
cpio. Имеется удобная утилита
rpm2cpio, которая преобразует
.rpm в архив
rpm2cpio myrpmfile.rpm rpm2cpio - < myrpmfile.rpm rpm2cpio myrpmfile.rpm | cpio -idmv
-i- восстановить архив.
-d- создать необходимые каталоги.
-m- сохранить время модификации файлов.
-v- подробный вывод процесса преобразования.
.rpm можно при помощи файлового менеджера Midnight Commander (
Лицензия считается свободной FSF.
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